Different Types of Communication

We use the different types of communication every day with out realizing it. The four main types of communication are written, verbal, computerized, and special methods.

Verbal (read...use of verbiage) communication can be divided into two subtypes of communication: oral verbal (read...voice) and nonverbal.


Written includes the words your reading right now. There are numerous languages that use the written word in some form or another.


Oral Communication, the Use of Voice:

Public speaking, private speaking, talking or chit chat, it is all part of the type of communication called verbal communication.

Voice Mail comes in two basic but different types of communication.

Business Voice Mail

Personal Voice Mail

Speaking Without the Use of Voice:

Signing If you are deaf, then speaking is done with a combination of hands, arms and the mouth. Some who are deaf can read lips. Even though no sounds are heard, the words formed by the mouth are interpreted visually.

If you are blind and deaf, the signing is done physically, hand to palm of hand.

Some who are deaf prefer to be called deaf and not hearing impaired. They consider themselves a linguistic minority rather than being disabled. They view the term hearing impaired as something that is broken.

The term 'deaf mute' should never be used. Deaf people can speak. Some can speak with the use of voice and most speak with the use of sign language or signing.

Flags One form of maritime communication still in use is flags. Each has an alphabetic symbol and a particular meaning. Some differ from the navy to public meaning and sometimes international meanings differ.

Body Language Facial expression, gestures, and micro-expressions all communicate to those we are with. Gestures include both those that are used to enhance public speaking as a speaking skill and actions used to convey information or instructions. An example would be the thumbs up.

Note Some gestures communicate different things in different cultures. Communicating a positive thought in one culture could be an obscene gesture in another culture.

Other Nonverbal Communication

Types of Nonverbal Communication

Facial Expression
Occulesics Eye Behavior
Physical Attractiveness
Kinesics -Body Movements
Vertical Distance

Nonverbal communication could also include hieroglyphs, art, pictures, pictographs, flags, and other visual queues, and Morse code.


Numerous computer languages are used to allow computers to communicate with each other and us to communicate using them.

Special Methods

Special methods includes signs. This is the mechanical type of communication, which includes the use of signal flags such as used by ships, military salutes, horns, and sirens. Drums as those used by tribal Africans and smoke signals as used by American Indians in the old West.

Also lights such as those used to communicate to airplanes and jets are a type of communication.

Aesthetic communication takes place through creative expressions such as playing a musical instrument, dancing, painting and sculpturing.

Symbolic communication is the use of religious, status, or ego-building symbols.

More on the different types of Communication Home

Speechmastery.com: Different Types of Communication Resource

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Lets Connect View Jonathan Steele RN Holistic Nurse's profile on LinkedIn
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