This is the English parts of speech or more specifically, the eight parts of speech. These need to be used appropriately in public speaking.
English Parts of SpeechAdjectives
Example....and, but, if, etc.
Note: The use of the conjunction...but... should be limited and only used for a special effect. Be careful not to overuse the word but.
If you are old enough you will remember School House Rock. Conjunction Junction, what is your function? Unfortunately, conjunctions make possible run on sentences and run on speeches. Just throw in a few and's and you can go for some time with out coming up for a breath.
Use of conjunctions should be like the salt you put on your food. A little can make it tasty, too much and it can ruin the flavor.
So use conjunctions but use them sparingly.
An exclamation or an aside that expresses a sudden feeling or emotion.
Example...ah! or dear me! oh, good grief, and hurrah. They can express joy, surprise, approval or grief. If your not quick on your feet with comebacks, have a list of potential comebacks that use interjections and you will sound as natural. Imagine the potential disturbances that could happen and some witty interjection.
A word (except a pronoun)that identifies a person, place or thing.
There are common nouns and proper nouns.
A word that precedes a noun or pronoun and expresses a relationship to another word or element in the clause.
Example..."The man on the podium" or she gave her speech after dinner." The preposition...on...precedes the podium and after precedes dinner. Usually the rules of good speaking do not allow for a sentence to end with a preposition. So, instead of saying Washington DC is where I come from, you would say I come from Washington DC.
A word that by its self would function as a noun and that can refer either a word that can function by itself as a noun or noun phrase and that designates either the persons or things asked for, specified previously or understood from the context.
In public speaking, you would always put someone else before yourself. Then you would also use the word I when starting a sentence. So in a sentence it would be....You and I are going to go to the mall.
How can this system be remembered? Drop the other person from the sentence and you will know.
If the middle section of the sentence is action portion, the pronoun...me...so in a sentence it would become...Are you going to the mall with me and Sharon?
How can this system be remembered? Switch me with I and you will know which is right.
The first sentence becomes I are going to the mall? Ooops, that is flat out wrong. Likewise, are you going to town with I...does not cut it either. You could go to the mall with me though.
This is just the basics on the 8 English parts of speech. Hopefully it will help when faced with a challenge.
There are verbs of various types.Finite verbs
These English parts of speech will provide a road map of your speech writing. Using appropriate parts of speech in your public speaking will help you attain Speechmastery.