In public speaking the use of questions starts with questioning your research. This will look at how you can create a mind map to start questioning your research and at the end, an often quoted statement that may or may not be true. You will have to do the research to know.
On receiving an e-zine from Tom Hoobyar with the heading... The UCLA Study Shows That Word Meanings Are Less Than 10% Of A Message...the questioning started. You would have found it fascinating writing until you completed the process of questioning your research.
Tom continued...the study concluded that about 90% of the emotional information came from body language and tone of voice.
Even Dr. Mehrabian (Author of the 1967 study) will tell you that his work was misquoted and misapplied.
How can you someone create a thought process to learn how to question thoughts and statements without being obnoxious. Try these series of questions. They are an abbreviated mind map of questions. You can in time develop a more comprehensive one.
To be successful, you need to commit it to memory and make it a part of the way you think.
Questioning the Truth of Research
1. If this is true, what is true about it?
This takes the tact that there is some truth if within the statement if not all of it. This is like putting the information through a simplified truth test.
We now know, many years since the original study that micro expressions speak volumes. We can tell if people are telling a lie or the truth. If they believe what they say or not. If they are creating a memory or recounting accurate facts.
The only way to prevent these natural body language movements is with training, psychological conditioning or if you are a sociopath or psychopath you can naturally hide them.
You might also think of the co-worker who, when ever speaking in front of a group and with out a lectern, will bob back and forth like a buoy in the bay. His body language is communicating his nervousness.
2. If this is un-true, what is un-true about it?
But the statement is about what we want to communicate. So rather than the words, our body language is communicating more that our words. Does this make sense to you?
Could you get up and cut your speech to just 10% of your verbal message and it still be understood by your body language?
The preceding sentence would be just....could 10%?...or...speech understood?
Further, how would a blind person be able to know the emotional content of words spoken with out the ability to see body language?
Find and Read the Actual Research
What does the actual study, research or quote say? Find it, read it and know it before you quote it.
Find What Others are Saying
What are the dissenting voices regarding the study, research or quote? Here you will have someone else to help you know the pros and cons with any study.
More importantly, you can acknowledge this in your speech, making your words and thoughts sound balanced and honest.
It should be possible to find numerous articles that explain how and why the study was misquoted and misused.
No offense Tom, a lot of people make this mistake. Tom is a brilliant writer and educator. You can learn a lot from him. Only thing, as with all you hear, make sure your questioning your research before you quote or use it in your public speaking.
The Question for Questioning Your Research
In the year 1492 people believed the world is flat.
If this is true, what is true about it? If this is false what is false about it? What does the actual study, research or quote say? What are dissenting views?
Most will have no basis for answering the first question unless you have studied Babylonian Culture or already know the answer.
With the second, you may have some vague recollections relating to Philosophy 101, and some of the early mathematicians.
Several hundred years after the Bible recorded that the earth was round, Aristotle (384-322 BC) said it was common knowledge. Travel back to the future a few hundred years to (220 BCE) when Eratosthenes of Cyrene accurately estimated the Earth's diameter (He was mistaken by about 4,000 Kilometers but then, they were measuring by a mans stride.)
Still, not enough information? Next you will have to do the research.
What is the actual study, research or quote?
Finally... What are the dissenting views?
Here is where it gets exciting. People like truth. People love to have knowledge. Parents especially like to be smarter than their kids, at least once and a while. What you will learn about this will help you get your public speaking audience to get there.
On The Flat Earth Topic Here you will find a digested version of the Flat Earth Paradox (with a piece about Glutathione in the middle). You will find some additional fodder in the story of Dr. James Lind and another mistaken thinking paradox he had to overcome.
More Speech Writing and what goes into what you say when your public speaking.
Keep questioning your research, learn, grow, speak well and prosper.